Romania Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Romania flag
Color Palette
Blue#012B7D1, 43, 12599, 66, 0, 51
Yellow#FCD116252, 209, 220, 17, 91, 1
Red#CE1126206, 17, 380, 92, 82, 19

The Romanian flag is a tricolor with three equal vertical stripes colored blue, yellow, and red. The blue is at the hoist side, the yellow stripe is in the middle, and the red stripe is at the fly side.

Meaning of the Romanian Flag

The three colors of the flag represent the three provinces of the country, which are, Moldavia, Wallachia, and Transylvania. The blue also represents liberty, the yellow stands for justice, and the red is for fraternity.  

History of the Romanian Flag

The three provinces Moldavia, Wallachia, and Transylvania were vassal states of the Ottoman Empire. In 1859, the provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia were United and Romania became a nation. However, it remained under the influence of the Ottoman Empire until it gained independence in 1877. The three colors of the flag were used by revolutionists who led the struggle for independence.  The tricolor flag of blue-yellow and red with the coat of arms was adopted as the official flag of the newly independent nation.  In 1881, Romania became a kingdom. After the end of WWI, Transylvania joined Romania, and the Kingdom of Romania was established. After WWII, Romania was ruled by the communists until the collapse of the Soviet Union. Although the coat of arms has changed several times throughout Romania’s modern history, it was removed from the flag when Romania’s revolution succeeded to overthrow the communist regime and had a new constitution. The tricolor was retained and adopted as the official flag in 1989.