France Flag Colors, Meaning & History

France flag
Color Palette
Blue#08163C8, 22, 6087, 63, 0, 76
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0
Red#EC1920236, 25, 320, 89, 86, 7

The French flag is made of three vertical stripes colored blue at the hoist side, white in the middle, and red on the fly side.

Meaning of the French Flag

The French tricolor flag is the emblem of the Fifth Republic. Although its colors do not signify anything in specific, it is deeply intertwined with the French revolutions and the principles on which the French Republic was established.  

History of the French Flag

The three colors were initially used as a cockade during the early days of the French Revolution.  The tricolor flag became official in February 1794. During the Revolution of 1848, the provisional government adopted the “tricolore,” as the French call it, but the people raised a red flag to express their revolt. Under the Third Republic, a consensus gradually emerged around the three colors. Napoleon I won all his wars under the tricolor, but the Bourbons restored the throne in 1814 and reused the white flag, although the tricolor flag remained the symbol of the revolutionaries.  During the revolution of 1830, the tricolor flag was used again. It became official again in 1848 and is still hoisted in France nowadays.