Poland Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Poland flag
Color Palette
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0
Red#DC143C220, 20, 600, 91, 73, 14

The Flag of Poland is a bicolor with two Horizontal stripes. The upper stripe is white, while the bottom stripe is red.

Meaning of the Flag of Poland

Historically, the white and red colors represent royalty colors inspired by the coat of arms. The modern interpretation of the Polish Flag views the white color as a color of peace and hope among the people of Poland. The red color represents the struggle for freedom across the centuries.

History of the Flag of Poland

The Flag of Poland originated from the coat of arms used in 1320 which features a white eagle on a red shield. The coat of arms was adopted after the several duchies of Poland united into one nation. Poland then united with Lithuania in the 1569. At the end of the 18th century, Russia, Prussia, and Austria dissolved the federation and ruled the different parts of the country.   After WWI, Poland broke from Russian and German rule and became an independent country in 1918. The white and red colors were revived by nationalists. In 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union invaded Poland, and WWII started. Poland was ruled by the Soviets after WWII, and became People’s Republic of Poland was established in 1947. The Soviets established a communist government in the country. However, it did not turn into a Soviet Republic and maintained its independence. The flag remained the same, and when the Soviet rule collapsed in 1989, and Poland regained independence in 1990, the flag has not changed.