Montenegro Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Montenegro flag
Color Palette
Red#C40308196, 3, 80, 98, 96, 23
Gold#D4AF3A212, 175, 580, 17, 73, 17
Blue#1D5E9129, 94, 14580, 35, 0, 43
Green#6D8C3E109, 140, 6222, 0, 56, 45

The Flag of Montenegro has a red field with a gold border and the coat of arms in the middle. The coat of arms features a crowned double-eagle spreading its wings, and holding a golden scepter topped by a golden cross in the right talon, and a blue globus cruciger in the left, which has a golden waist and cross. On the chest of the eagle, there is a shield depicting a lion standing against a blue sky field, standing on a green field.

Meaning of the flag of Montenegro

The coat of arms on the flag of Montenegro dates back to mediaeval times and represents many ruling families of Montenegro. It represents the church and the Byzantine Empire. The two heads of the eagle stand for the earthly and the divine. In general, it reflects the unity between the church and the people. The eagle represents power and sovereignty. The lion is a traditional heraldic symbol representing strength and valor.

History of Montenegro Flag

Montenegro proclaimed its independence in 1878 and its independence flag was blue, red, and white inspired by the Russian flag. After WWI, Montenegro became part of a larger kingdom that was later called Yugoslavia. Italy occupied Yugoslavia from 1941 to 1943. Yugoslavia was dissolved after WWII, then it was allowed to reestablish a federation that continued from 1946 to 1993. Montenegro remained in the Yugoslavia federation and was called Serbia and Montenegro. In 2004, Montenegro adopted its current flag of red background, yellow border, and coat of arms, and as it proclaimed independence in 2006, the flag was officially adopted.