Scotland Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Scotland flag
Color Palette
Blue#005EB80, 94, 184100, 49, 0, 28
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0

The Flag of Scotland is made of a white-shaped X cross on a blue field. The Saltire or X cross represents Saint Andrew, the Patron Saint of Scotland. The flag is called Saint Andrew’s Cross or the Saltire.

Meaning of the Scottish Flag

The Scottish flag signifies Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland.

History of the Scottish Flag

The Scottish flag with the Cross of Saint Andrew has origins in Scottish Legend. The first legend says that the relics of the saint were brought from Greece to Kinrymont in Fife. The Church in Kinrymont then became the Church of Saint Andrew. In the Battle of Athelstaneford that took place in 832 AD, King Angus feared defeat against the Saxons. Praying for victory, he saw a white saltire in the sky and vowed if they won, he would make Saint Andrew the patron saint of Scotland. The Scots won, and the saltire in the blue sky became the flag of Scotland. In 1385 the Parliament of Scotland agreed that Scottish soldiers should wear the white cross to distinguish themselves in battles, so the flag became official. After 1606, England and Scotland had a common monarchy, and the Saltire was united with Saint George’s cross. The Union Jack came into use in 1707. The flag of Scotland is one of the oldest flags that is still in use in modern times. It is raised in sports events and over official buildings on different occasions and on Saint Andrew’s Day in November of each year.