Monaco Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Monaco flag
Color Palette
Red#CE1126206, 17, 380, 92, 82, 19
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0

The flag of Monaco has two equal horizontal stripes. The top stripe is red while the bottom stripe is white.

Meaning of the Flag of Monaco

The red and white colors are taken from the Grimaldi Family’s coat of arms, which has white and red colors. The colors are also reminiscent of the heraldic colors of the Republic of Genoa, from which the Grimaldi family originated.

History of the Flag of Monaco

Monaco was part of Genoa in Italy. It was an area with a castle on the rock of Monaco. Francesco Grimaldi tried to occupy the castle but he failed.  Later, his descendants bought a castle and Monaco soon turned into a municipality in the early 15th century. Monaco raised its coat of arms during the Grimaldi rule. In addition, the red and white have been used to represent the Grimaldi family throughout Monaco’s history. In the 19th century, many small countries and microstates became parts of larger confederations and empires, but Monaco could keep its independence. In 1881, the colors of the Grimaldi family were put in a simple bicolor design that was chosen by King Charles III. The flag has not been changed since then. It is used by the citizens for private use and represents Monaco in the United Nations. The coat of arms on a white field is hoisted on official sites.