Egypt Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Egypt flag
Color Palette
Red#CB1226203, 18, 380, 91, 81, 20
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0
Black#0000000, 0, 00, 0, 0, 100
Gold#C09300192, 147, 00, 23, 100, 25

The Egyptian flag has three horizontal bands of red on top of the flag, white in the middle, and black on the bottom. A golden eagle is featured in the center of the white stripe with the name of the Arab Republic of Egypt written in Arabic letters under the golden eagle.

Meaning of the Egyptian Flag

The red color represents the sacrifices and blood of Egyptian martyrs. The white symbolizes peace and the bright future of the country. The black represents the dark period of occupation, and the eagle represents strength and power.

History of the Egyptian Flag

Egypt was part of many sovereigns and empires throughout its history. After the Mamelukes lost the war against the Ottomans in the 1500s, Egypt became part of the Ottoman Empire. The British then ruled Egypt in 1881. The first known flag of Egypt was hoisted in 1915 when Egypt became a British protectorate. The flag which had a red background with three crescents and three stars became the national flag of Egypt. It was initially used by the Khedive, the Ottoman Viceroy of Egypt. In 1932, Egypt became an independent kingdom, and the flag was changed again. It had a green flag with a white crescent and three stars.

The revolution of 1952 led to the adoption of a tricolored, horizontally striped flag with the eagle of Saladin in the middle. The unity between Syria and Egypt in 1958 resulted in changing the flag again, where two green five-pointed stars replaced the Eagle of Saladin. In 1971, Libya was added to the confederation that included Syria and Egypt, with the Hawk of Quraysh replacing the two green stars. In 1984, the Saladin Eagle came back to adorn the center of the Egyptian flag, and the flag is still hoisted with no change till now.