Ghana Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Ghana flag
Color Palette
Red#CE1126206, 17, 380, 92, 82, 19
Gold#FCD116252, 209, 220, 17, 91, 1
Green#006B3F0, 107, 63100, 0, 41, 58
Black#0000000, 0, 00, 0, 0, 100

The flag of Ghana has 3 horizontal stripes colored red on the top, golden in the middle, and green in the bottom. A black, five-pointed star is placed in the middle of the golden stripe.

Meaning of Ghana Flag

The red color represents the blood of those who died for the independence of the country. The golden yellow stands for the mineral wealth of the country. The green color symbolizes the rich green forests and vegetation of Ghana. The black star stands for the Lodestar of African Freedom, which symbolizes African unity and the struggle against colonialism.

History of Ghana flag

Ghana had its own symbols during the rule of the Ashanti kingdom, which was a powerful kingdom in Ghana between the 7th and the 13th centuries.  Later, the United Kingdom occupied the Gold Coast, which makes modern Ghana nowadays. The flag raised during the colonial period was blue with the Union Jack in the canton, with the country’s colonial coat of arms. The coat of arms featured an elephant walking through the wilderness, representing the country’s natural wonders. Ghana became independent in 1957, and designed its own flag. Between the years 1964 and 1966, the flag was changed to have red-white-green colors with a black star. However, when the single party rule of Kwame Nkrumah was overthrown in 1966, the flag of 1957 was brought back into use.