Georgia Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Georgia flag
Color Palette
Red#FF0000255, 0, 00, 100, 100, 0
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0

The Georgian flag features a white field with a large red cross extending to the edges of the flag, dividing it into four rectangular sections. Inside each of these sections is a smaller red cross, positioned in the same orientation as the large central cross.

Meaning of the Georgian flag

The white color in the Georgian flag represents purity and innocence. The 5 crosses represent the Christian faith in Georgia which had embraced Christianity as a religion for the country since the 4th century AD. They also represent the Christian heritage of the nation. The large cross represents Christ, the Savior, and the 4 smaller crosses represent the 4 Evangelists. The red color of the crosses represents the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the country. It also stands for bravery and the blood that was shed in defense of the nation.

History of the Georgian Flag

The origins of the Georgian flag contribute to the mediaeval Georgian kingdoms. As a part of kingdoms in the Caucasian mountains, Georgia used flags with white, red, and black in military events or to represent the monarchs. In the 1200s, Queen Tamar, a very powerful queen of Georgia, used a white flag with a red cross and a star. In 1801, Georgia was annexed by Russia, and the national symbols were not allowed. In 1918, Georgia became an independent republic, and the flag that was hoisted was cherry red with a canton of black and white stripes. Georgia’s independence ended in the year 1921, and the flags used included the soviet symbols of hammer and sickle. Later in 1990, the 1918 flag with the 5 crosses was readopted, and Georgia became independent again in 1991. The flag of 1918 was re-adopted until 2004, when the flag with the five crosses was officially adopted as the national flag of Georgia. The Georgian flag has been the same since then.