Afghanistan Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Color Palette
Black#0000000, 0, 00, 0, 0, 100
Red#D32011211, 32, 170, 85, 92, 17
Green#007A360, 122, 54100, 0, 56, 52
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0

The flag of Afghanistan is made of three vertical stripes colored black, red, and green. In the middle of the flag, there is the national emblem of the country. A white depiction of a mosque with two opposite miniature Afghan flags on its sides is in the center. On the top of the mosque the Islamic Takbir is written in small Arabic letters “God is Great”, and above the famous Islamic expression, there is the creed (Shahada) that says “God is the only God, and Mohammad is his prophet,” also written in Arabic. There is also the Hijri year 1298 and the name of Afghanistan in Arabic. Around the mosque, there is a circular wreath of wheat sheaves.

Meaning of the Afghanistan flag

The Afghani flag is tricolored. The black color represents the dark past of the country with colonialism. The red color stands for the blood shed by people in their struggles to attain freedom. The green color represents prosperity and the hope for a bright future. The mosque represents the Islamic identity of the country, and the Hijri year stands for the year 1919 when Afghanistan proclaimed its independence from Britain. The wheat sheaves represent abundance and agriculture in the country.

History of the Afghani flag

The Afghani flag has been changed around 30 times in the last century. However, the official flag used nowadays traces back to the 1700s, when the Hotak dynasty used the three-color flag after defeating the Persians. The other versions of the flag used the same colors with different designs. The modern flag was adopted in 2004 after the fall of the Taliban, however, recently after the Taliban regained its rule in Afghanistan, they imposed a white flag with the Islamic creed written on it in black. The colorful Afghani flag is used by the diaspora and is a sign of resistance nowadays.