San Marino Flag Colors, Meaning & History

San Marino flag
Color Palette
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0
Blue#62B5E598, 181, 22957, 21, 0, 10
Green#4A783C74, 120, 6038, 0, 50, 53
Gold#EAAA00234, 170, 00, 27, 100, 8
Black#0000000, 0, 00, 0, 0, 100

The San Marino Flag is a bicolored flag with horizontal stripes. The upper stripe is white while the lower stripe is light blue, with the coat of arms on the center of the flag. The coat of arms features three peaks holding three towers, superimposed on a light blue field. They are surrounded by a golden frame and a closed crown on the top. Around the golden frame, there is a wreath of oak and laurel leaves, and below the frame, there is a white banner bearing the word “Libertas” meaning freedom.

Meaning of the San Marino Flag

The white color represents peace and the snow that covers Mount Titano. while the light blue color represents liberty. The blue and white also symbolize the clouds and sky that surround the country. The three peaks represent Mount Titano, while the three peaks towers represent the three fortresses of San Marino: Guaita, Cesta, and Montale that provided defense for the country. The wreath represents stability and defense. The closed crown represents sovereignty.

History of the San Marino Flag

San Marino is a small landlocked republic near Italy which is thought to have been built in the 4th century by Saint Marinus. In 1631, it was officially a nation. The Flag of San Marino was officially adopted in 1862. The country could preserve its neutrality during WWI and WWII. After WWI, and the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, San Marino remained Neutral.  During WWII, it was pressured by the Fascists until their collapse after the end of the war. The country is known for its long history of political freedom.