Norway Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Norway flag
Color Palette
Red#B70D2F183, 13, 470, 93, 74, 28
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0
Blue#00205B0, 32, 91100, 65, 0, 64

The flag of Norway has a red field with a blue Nordic cross which is bordered with white.

Meaning of the Norwegian Flag

The Norwegian flag is based on the Danish flag marking the union with the Kingdom of Denmark The blue cross symbolizes Christianity and liberty.

History of the Norwegian flag

The earliest flag recorded in Norway was a red banner with a golden lion in 1318. Norway was in union with Denmark. A union between Denmark and Norway that started in 1380, effectively resulted in Norway adopting the Danish flag from the 1600s. When the Danes were defeated in the Napoleonic Wars in 1814, Norway was independent for one summer before it was ruled by Sweden. Norway had to find a flag that represented the nation. The Danish flag with a golden lion in the canton was used to represent Norway.  The Norwegian flag was designed in 1821. Fredrik Meltzer, a member of the constitutional assembly who presented the new flag, passionately argued for a flag that had a blue cross over the white cross and the red field.  The flag received enough votes to become the national flag. In 1844, A badge representing Scandinavian unity was added by the Swedish king to the flag. As a result, Norway could raise its flag with the union badge on it. The flag with the badge gained popularity in Norway until the end of the 19th century when the nationalist movement started and called for independence from Sweden. Upon gaining independence in 1905, the badge was removed from the flag, and the Norwegian flag was officially adopted.