Mozambique Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Mozambique flag
Color Palette
Green#0071680, 113, 104100, 0, 8, 56
Black#0000000, 0, 00, 0, 0, 100
Yellow#FCE100252, 225, 00, 11, 100, 1
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0
Red#D21034210, 16, 520, 92, 75, 18

The Flag of Mozambique has three horizontal stripes colored dark green, black, and yellow, from top to bottom. The stripes are separated by thin, white borders. On the hoist side, there is a red triangle with a Marxist yellow, five-pointed star. On the star, there is a black hoe, a black rifle, and a white open book.

Meaning of the Mozambique Flag

The green color stands for the riches of the land. The white fimbriations represent peace. The black colors represent the African continent. The yellow color symbolizes the country’s minerals, while the red color is for the struggle for independence. The star represents Marxism.  The open book represents education. The crossed hoe represents peasantry. The assault rifle stands for the defense of the country.

History of the Flag of Mozambique

Mozambique was a Portuguese colony that was affected by the liberation movements taking place in Africa. In its struggle for independence. The Mozambique Liberation Front chose the horizontally striped flag with the thin white fimbriations and the red triangle. Mozambique gained its independence in 1975, and the flag was hoisted. However, in 1983, Marxist symbols were added to the red triangle, including the star, the open book, and the crossed hoe and assault rifle. This reflects the country’s shift towards Marxism-Leninism during that period.