Slovakia Flag Colors, Meaning & History

Slovakia flag
Color Palette
Red#EE1C25238, 28, 370, 88, 84, 7
White#FFFFFF255, 255, 2550, 0, 0, 0
Blue#0B4EA211, 78, 16293, 52, 0, 36

The flag of Slovakia is a tricolor of equal, horizontal bands. The top band is white, the middle band is blue, and the bottom band is red. A coat of arms is located off-center closer to the hoist side of the flag. The coat of arms is a shield of red background bordered in white. On the red background there are three blue hills and a white double cross raised over them.  

Meaning of the Slovakian Flag

The three bands represent the Pan-Slavic colors. The hills on the shield represent the country’s three mountain chains. The white double cross represents the Eastern Orthodox faith of the country which was spread by saints by Saints Cyril and Methodius during the middle ages.

History of the Slovakian Flag

Slovakia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of WWI. After that, Czechoslovakia was born as a nation. In 1920, the flag of Czechoslovakia was adopted by merging the historic white-red flag of the Czech, and white-blue-red tricolor of the Slovaks.  During WWII, the Slovak Republic was separated from Czechoslovakia and the white-blue-red tricolor was reintroduced. After WWII, Czechoslovakia was under the Communist rule. Czechoslovakia was dissolved in 1993, and the coat of arms was added to the flag of Slovakia to distinguish it from that of Russia. Slovakia achieved independence in 1993, and hoisted the new flag ever since.