National Flag of Great Britain
Country: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
British Flag Description:
The flag of Great Britain represents the flags of three countries that are united under one Sovereign and is a combination of their heraldic flags: The flag of England is represented by the St. George's Cross, which is a red cross on a white base. Scotland is represented by the St. Andrew's cross, which is the white diagonal cross on a blue base and Northern Ireland is represented by the St. Patrick's Cross, which is the red diagonal cross on a white base.
British Flag Meaning:
The red cross, outlined in white, is the cross of St. George, the patron saint of England, and represents England and Wales. The white diagonal cross on a blue base is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, and represents Scotland. The red diagonal cross on a white base is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. When the cross of St. Patrick was incorporated into the flag in 1801 it represented all of Ireland but in the 1920s most of Ireland became a separate country and since then the cross has only represented Northern Ireland.
British Flag History:
The British flag was adopted on January 1, 1801, making it one of the oldest flags in the world. The first British flag dates back to 1606 when it combined the flags of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland. Northern Ireland's flag of St. Patrick was added in 1801 and completed the flag as we know it today. Wales isn't represented separately on the flag because it had already been united with England by the time the first flag was formed in 1606.
Interesting British Flag Facts:
The British flag is sometimes called the Union Flag, but its more common name is the Union Jack. It is one of the most recognizable flags in the world as it's also incorporated into the flags of other British and former British colonies.
Union Jacks are also seen in other color combinations as the flag is often used by the supporters of various soccer teams.