National Flag of Iran
Country: Islamic Republic of Iran
Iranian Flag Description:
The flag of Iran consists of three equal sized horizontal stripes - the top stripe is green; the middle one is white; and the bottom stripe is red. On the edges of the white stripe there are stylized writings. In the middle of the white stripe and at the flag's center is the country's coat of arms consisting of four crescents and a sword.
Iranian Flag Meaning:
The green stripe symbolizes Islam and the white represents purity and peace. The red stripe symbolizes blood and valor. The writing is Allah-o Akbar (God is Great) which is written 22 times in stylized Kufi script - this represents February 11, 1979, which was the day of the Iranian Revolution. The coat of arms symbolizes strength and fortitude and the growth of the Muslim faith. The stylized emblem as a whole reads Allah or God.
Iranian Flag History:
The Iranian flag was adopted on July 29, 1980. The colors of the Iranian flag are traditional and probably date from at least the 18th century. A plain horizontal striped tricolor flag of green, white and pink had been in use in Iran since 1905. The pink stripe was officially changed to red in 1933. Iran was a monarchy for nearly 400 years until a republic was declared in 1979, after Muslim clerics and students overthrew the last Shah.
Interesting Iranian Flag Facts:
The Iranian flag's centerpiece formerly consisted of a lion with a sword standing before a rising sun, with a crown above. But all traditional flags and banners were abolished after the abdication of the shah in 1979.
The new emblem was designed by Hamid Nadimi, and was officially approved by Ayatollah Khomeini on May 9, 1980.