National Flag of Estonia
Country: Republic of Estonia
Estonian Flag Description:
The flag of Estonia consists of three equal horizontal stripes - the top stripe is blue; the middle one black; and the bottom stripe is white.
Estonian Flag Meaning:
The colors of the national flag represent Estonia's history, nature and folk costumes. The blue stripe represents faith, loyalty and devotion as well as the sky, sea, and lakes. The black symbolizes the dark past and suffering of the Estonian people as well as the traditional black jacket of the Estonian peasant. The white represents striving towards enlightenment and virtue, hope and freedom. White also symbolizes the color of birch bark and snow, and Estonian summer nights illuminated by the midnight sun.
Estonian Flag History:
This Estonian flag was adopted on August 7, 1990. It was originally adopted on November 21st, 1918, after Estonia declared independence from Russia. Estonia was taken over by Russia again in June 1940 and the flag was banned. Estonia regained its independence on August 20, 1991. The Estonian flag was flown in both the 1905 and 1917 Russian revolutions as a symbol of Estonian independence. The current Estonian flag was designed in December 1990.
Interesting Estonian Flag Facts:
The roots of the Estonian flag date back to 1881 when Estonian university students attempted to form a fraternity. They adopted blue, black and white as the fraternity's colors.